- Trip Outline
- Trip Includes
- Trip Excludes
The Best of Turkey 8D7N
Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered on its northwest by Greece and Bulgaria; north by the Black Sea; northeast by Georgia; east by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran; southeast by Iraq; south by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea; and west by the Aegean Sea. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of the country's citizens are ethnic Turks. Istanbul, which straddles Europe and Asia, is the country's largest city, while Ankara is the capital.
Rich History and Old Culture
One of the world's earliest permanently settled regions, present-day Turkey is home to important Neolithic sites, and was inhabited by various civilizations. Hellenization started in the area during the era of Alexander the Great and continued into the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating in the 11th century, and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities. Beginning in the late 13th century, the Ottomans started uniting the principalities and conquering the Balkans, and the Turkification of Anatolia increased during the Ottoman period. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire became a world power. From the late 18th century onwards, the empire's power declined with a gradual loss of territories and wars. In an effort to consolidate the weakening empire, Mahmud II started a period of modernization in the early 19th century. The 1913 coup d'état effectively put the country under the control of the Three Pashas, who were largely responsible for the Empire's entry into World War I in 1914.
After the Ottomans and the other Central Powers lost the war, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states. The Turkish War of Independence, initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his comrades against the occupying Allied Powers, resulted in the abolition of the sultanate on 1 November 1922, and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923.
Geopolitically Strategic Regional Power
Turkey is a developing country, a regional power, and a newly industrialized country, with a geopolitically strategic location. It is a charter member of the UN, an early member of NATO, the IMF, and the World Bank, and a founding member of the OECD, OSCE, BSEC, OIC, and G20. After becoming one of the early members of the Council of Europe in 1950, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995, and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005. In a non-binding vote on 13 March 2019, the European Parliament called on the EU governments to suspend Turkey's accession talks; which, despite being stalled since 2018, remains active as of 2020. Turkey is a secular, unitary, formerly parliamentary republic that adopted a presidential system with a referendum in 2017; the new system came into effect with the presidential election in 2018.
Tour Information Highlights
- Destinations: Istanbul, Ankara, Cappadoccia
- Starting point: Istanbul
- Ending point: Istanbul
- Accommodation: in twin or double rooms in Standard 3-Star, Premium 4-Star or Superior 5-Star hotels, according to your choice. Single rooms are available upon request and subject to a supplementary fee.
- Features: private local professional tour guides and for the tours, experienced drivers and private air-conditioned vehicles which size depend on the number of passengers
- Meals: Breakfast will be both western and Turkish at the hotel, lunch and dinner at local Halal restaurants. Meals will be exclusively Halal certified. For any special request related to other than Turkish cuisine, please advise us in advance.
Performing Salat/Prayer Service: in different mosques, prayer rooms and facilities
- Infants aged 2 years and under: free of charge.
- Child price is applicable for children aged 3-12 years. When booking for a child, a minimum of 2 passengers including one adult is required
- Group price is applicable for minimum 6 passengers and above
What is Included?
- Hotel accommodations with daily breakfast according to your choice
- Halal meals as specified in the itinerary
- Private air-conditioned vehicle with experienced driver for land transportation
- Experienced private English language speaking tour guide
- All admission tickets to sightseeing places and scenery spots
- All government taxes
What is Excluded?
- International airfares
- Own travel insurance
- Optional tour & insurance
Gratuities or tips to porters, doormen, tour guides and drivers
- Excursions & activities not included in the itinerary
- Expenditure of a personal nature, such as drinks, souvenirs, laundry, etc.
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